SHPO Guidance – 2016 updates!

The State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) reviews a variety of documents related to compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), 54 U.S.C. 306108 (formerly 16 U.S.C. 470), and the Arizona State Historic Preservation Act (SHPA), A.R.S. § 41-861 et seq.  In order to better facilitate historic preservation compliance reviews, the SHPO Survey Report Standards, the Survey Review Summary Form (SRSF), and Guidance Point No. 10  are newly updated.  These documentation standards - for use by agencies, local municipal governments, and private consulting firms - are based in part on guidance provided within the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation publications and policies, 36 C.F.R. §800.11, National Register Bulletins, SHPO guidance on implementing the SHPA, and Arizona State Museum (ASM) rules for implementing the Arizona Antiquities Act, A.R.S. §41-841 et seq. 

For a summary of the changes, please refer to SHPO Guidance - What’s New in 2016.  If you have any other questions, please contact the SHPO Archaeological Compliance Staff; the staff directory can be found at Here.

Updated Documents can be viewed here:

SHPO Guidance - What's new in 2016 (PDF Document 540 KB PDF)
SHPO Survey Report Standards - 2016 (PDF Document 15 MB PDF)
SHPO Guidance Point No. 10 - 2016
(PDF Document 380 KB PDF)
SHPO FAQ 2016 (PDF Document 81 KB PDF)
SHPO Survey Report Summary Form - 2016(PDF Document 40 KB PDF)
SHPO Survey Report Abstract Form - 2016 (PDF Document 63 KB PDF)

Review and Compliance

Through the Review and Compliance program, the SHPO assists federal, state, and local agencies in meeting their preservation responsibilities as defined by federal and state laws. The SHPO cooperates with the national Advisory Council on Historic Preservation External Link to ensure that significant properties are taken into consideration at an early stage in federal project planning.

The SHPO staff provides technical assistance through accessing state resource inventory files; reviewing federal, state, county, and city projects to determine their possible impacts on cultural resources; explaining state and federal compliance procedures; ensuring application of professional standards; and providing opinions on the National Register eligibility of resources. For further information call Ann Howard or David Jacobs at (602) 542-4009.

SHPO Guidance Points

SHPO Guidance Point Series: The State Historic Preservation Office’s Guidance Point Series (Series) provide a means for meeting goals and objectives in the State Historic Preservation Office’s (SHPO) State Plan (Plan), which was updated in 2009.

According to three of the Plan’s goals (i.e., Goals 6, 7, & 8), SHPO should foster a constituency in Arizona that is informed and supportive of historic preservation issues. One of the goals targets the public, anther focuses on policy makers, and the third one identifies historic preservation professionals. Specific objectives in the Plan that the Series addresses include updating and broadening information available to the public, enabling citizens to make informed decisions on current historic preservation issues, and advising professionals on “best practices” for the treatment of historic properties.

SHPO Guidance Points assist agency and tribal officials, professionals, and members of the public to consult effectively, to select best practices for identifying, evaluating, and treating historic properties, and to make informed decisions about historic preservation. The Guidance Points are especially useful for consultants and applicants working at behest of state and federal agencies complying with historic preservation laws. The Series, which began in 2000, shares the SHPO staff’s research and experience on historic preservation issues in Arizona with audiences identified in the State Plan.

Topics are usually chosen for the Series that are related to recent preservation issues or project-specific solutions that the SHPO staff identifies as having broader appeal or application. At present, the series includes papers stressing the importance of Agency officials determining the eligibility of a property in terms of the State or National Registers of Historic Places’ criteria, describing different types of archaeological testing and their appropriate roles, guiding the use of mechanical boring under historic properties, evaluating the continued adequacy and accuracy of old survey data, understanding when site burial as a mitigation measure is appropriate, deciding when surface artifact collection during survey is not an adverse effect, guiding mitigation programs within linear rights-of-way, and conducting meaningful and effective tribal consultation for state and federal undertakings. 

SHPO staff is always willing to entertain ideas for new topics that can be addressed in a Guidance Point.  Feel free to contact SHPO staff with your ideas.

  1. Use of the Term “Potentially Eligible” (PDF Document 317 KB PDF)
  2. Roles of Archaeological Testing (PDF Document 332 KB PDF)
  3. Appropriateness of Boring under Sites as an Avoidance Measure (PDF Document 307 KB PDF)
  4. Burial-in-Place Treatment for Archaeological Sites (PDF Document 448 KB PDF)
  5. Relying on Old Archaeological Survey Data (PDF Document 328 KB PDF)
  6. Linear Projects (PDF Document 1.15 MB PDF)
  7. Surface Artifact Collection During Survey/Identification Phase (PDF Document 119 KB PDF)
  8. Tribal Consultations in National Historic Preservation Act Decision Making Processes (PDF Document 427 KB PDF)
  9. Guidance for State Agencies Tribal Consultations and the State Historic Preservation Act (PDF Document 265 KB PDF)
  10. Guidance for Use and Submittal of the Survey Report Summary Form (SRSF) (PDF Document 380 KB PDF)
  11. SHPO Review of Non-mandated Compliance Consultations (PDF Document 393 KB PDF)

State Act Training Workshop

Presented as part of the 2016 Historic Preservation Conference, a special training workshop was presented by SHPO on “Archaeological and Historical Compliance in Arizona: Requirements of the State Historic Preservation Act and the Arizona Antiquities Act,” explaining how Arizona’s historic preservation laws can and should be an integral part of conducting business on state, county, municipal, and private lands.

Below are downloadable PDF documents of the Powerpoint presentations from the workshop.

1. State Historic Preservation Legislation and the State Historic Preservation Act - A.R.S. § 41-861 (PDF Document 3.5 MB PDF)
2. Agency Programs and the Arizona Register of Historic Places - A.R.S. § 41-862 & 41-863 (PDF Document 3.8 MB PDF)
3. SHPO Review of State Agency Plans - A.R.S. § 41-864 (PDF Document 423 KB PDF)
4. SHPO’s Guidance on Tribal Consultation for State Agencies (PDF Document 2.5 MB PDF)

Arizona Thematic Studies

The following Thematic Studies are made available via hyperlink to the National Park Service to provide additional guidance and background on selected topics on Arizona history and prehistory. These studies are similar to the SHPO-sponsored Historic Context Studies (e.g., Rock Art in Arizona, Historic Trails in Arizona from Coronado to 1940, Paleoindian and Archaic Sites in Arizona) that have been published earlier, but have the advantage that they were produced in support of actual submissions of historic properties to the National Register of Historic Places. Additionally, these studies provide a framework and specific criteria for evaluating cultural resources relative to specific themes, time frames, and locations and are useful for many types of preservation-planning activity. 

As professional courtesy, be sure to accurately reference the study author(s), date, and sponsoring agency as you would any other citation.

  • AZ-01 Casa Grande MRA AZ 1985-04-16 64000033 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-02 Cottonwood MRA AZ 1986-09-19 64000035 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-03 Flagstaff MRA AZ 1986 64000036 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-04 Florence MRA AZ 1986-08-01 64000038 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-05 Fort Lowell MRA AZ 1978-12-13 64000039 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-06 Globe Commercial and Civic MRA AZ 1987 64000040 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-07 Post Offices in Arizona, 1900--1941, TR AZ 1986-12-03 64000042 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-08 Kingman MRA AZ 1986-05-14 64000044 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-09 National Forest Fire Lookouts in the Southwestern Region, USDA Forest Service AZ, NM 1982 64000046 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-10 Nogales MRA AZ 1985-08-29 64000047 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-11 Historic Commercial Properties in Central Phoenix AZ 1985 64000049 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-12 Prescott MRA AZ 64000051 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-13 Prescott Territorial Buildings MRA AZ 1978 64000052 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-14 Roosevelt Neighborhood MRA AZ 1983 64000053 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-15 Safford MRA AZ 1988-02-09 64000054 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-16 John Spring MRA AZ 1988-11-10 64000055 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-17 Tempe MRA AZ 1984 64000056 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-18 Wickenburg MRA AZ 1986-07-07 64000057 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-19 Willcox MRA AZ 1987-05-27 64000059 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-20 Yuma MRA AZ 1980-12-07 64000061 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-21 Bandelier's, Adolph F. A., Archeological Survey of Tonto Basin, Tonto National Forest, MPS AZ 64500034 
  • AZ-22 Benson MPS AZ 64500035 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-23 Depression-Era USDA Forest Service Administrative Complexes in Arizona MPS AZ 64500036External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-24 Educational Buildings in Phoenix MPS AZ 64500037 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-25 Historic US Route 66 in Arizona MPS AZ 64500038 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-26 Hohokam Platform Mound Communities of the Lower Santa Cruz River Basin c. A.D. 1050--1450 MPS AZ 64500039 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-27 Hohokam and Euroamerican Land Use and Settlement Along the Northern Queen Creek Delta MPS AZ 64500040 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-28 Historic US Logging Railroad Resources of the Coconino and Kaibab National Forests MPS AZ 64500041 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-29 Menlo Park MPS AZ 64500042 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-30 Nineteenth-Century Residential Buildings in Phoenix MPS AZ 64500043 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-31 Prehistoric Walled Hilltop Sites of Prescott National Forest and Adjacent Regions MPS AZ 64500044 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-32 Religious Architecture in Phoenix MPS AZ 64500045 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-33 Residential Properties Designed by George Ellis MPS AZ 64500046 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-34 Historic Residential Subdivisions and Architecture in Central Phoenix MPS AZ 64500047 External Link PDF Document 
  • AZ-35 Snake Gulch Rock Art MPS AZ 64500048 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-36 Tubac Settlement MPS AZ 64500049 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-37 Vehicular Bridges in Arizona MPS AZ, NV 64500050 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-38 Warfare Between Indians and Americans MPS AZ 64500052 External Link PDF Document 
  • AZ-39 Williams Air Force Base MPS AZ 64500053 External Link PDF Document 
  • AZ-40 Architecture of Buckeye, Arizona; 1888-1946 AZ 64500756 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-41 Cattle Ranching in Arizona, 1540-1950 AZ 64500777 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-42 Historic and Architectural Resources of Casa Grande AZ 2002-11-20 64500800 External Link PDF Document
  • AZ-43 Historic and Architectural Resources of Downtown Tucson Arizona AZ 2003-09-12 64500860External Link PDF Document

    List updated: April 21, 2015.

SHPO Report on State Agency Compliance

Arizona State Statutes §41-861 through §41-864 direct state agencies to: preserve historic properties under their ownership or control; consider the use of historic properties for agency responsibilities; establish a program to locate, inventory, and nominate properties to the Arizona Register of Historic Places; insure that properties are not destroyed or substantially altered by state action or assistance; make appropriate documentation in accordance with State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) standards if a property is destroyed or altered; and seek review and comment from the SHPO on agency plans. This report provides a summary of the performance of state agencies in compliance with these state statutes. The information provided was compiled from SHPO records and an agency self-evaluation questionnaire
SHPO FY 2013-14 Report on State Agency Compliance (PDF Document 452 KB PDF)

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